Electric Picnic 2013


The Arctic Monkeys, Fatboy Slim and Bjork have been confirmed as the headliners for Electric Picnic.

Stay in Dublin for the Picnic…enjoy the best of both worlds….

There’s little doubt that today’s Electric Picnic announcement has been the talk of the town since word filtered out this afternoon. Unless you’ve been living under a rock (read: not on Twitter today) you’ll likely be well aware that this year’s 10th anniversary of Electric Picnic will be headlined by the Arctic Monkeys, Bjork and Fatboy Slim.

Those who have ventured out to Stradbally in the past will know that Electric Picnic isn’t all just about the bands playing – there’s a whole heap of other activities and events to get your teeth into and we’ve noticed that a lot of you seem to be curious as to what sort of shape the Picnic will be in this year, so allows us to clear up some confusion below.

How much is it?

In celebration of its tenth birthday, ticket prices for Electric Picnic will range from €149.50 for a weekend pass depending on whether or not you’ve been before. Tickets will go on sale from 9am next Saturday morning. Not bad when you consider tickets last year were €250. Sunday tickets will once again be available for €85.

How do I prove I’ve been there before?

Ticketmaster have a record of anyone who’s bought a ticket over the last seven years. These customers should receive an email containing a code which can be redeemed on the website. This will be in play until May 27th.

What if I changed my email address?

You can try other ways to prove that you’ve been to Electric Picnic before by getting in contact with info@electricpicnic.ie or Ticketmaster helpline 0818 903001.

What about the festival itself, will the Body & Soul area be back?

Yes it will! The heartbeat of Electric Picnic will be back in action again this year, offering hot tubs, sitting rooms, cafes, holistic treatments and therapies, art installations and, of course, its very own stage set in a naturally occurring grassy amphitheatre.

I trust there’ll be spoken word, literary readings and such?

Yes, Mindfield will again be a part of Electric Picnic. The spoken word area has housed some of Electric Picnic’s finest thought-provokery over the years and this year will be no different.

How can I concentrate on all these literary readings when I’m so hungry!?

Sounds like somebody needs to make their way over to the Theatre of Food, where you can act out practically any culinary fantasy imaginable!

So there’s lots of music, theatre and food. What else?

Oh you’re not satisfied yet? Well then maybe the Comedy Tent is more your thing. A steady stream of Picnicers set up shop here for practically the whole weekend. Side-splitting is guaranteed.

Dare we ask about booze?

Don’t worry, you won’t spend the weekend dry if you don’t want to. Many a bar will be on hand, not to mention the Casa Bacardi with a selection of DJs pumping out tunes all weekend.

Okay, what else?

What else?! Sheesh, there’s no satisfying some people. Well, the Trailer Park Stage was a big hit last year, so you’ll once again be able to find that on the outskirts of the festival site. The Foot Hospital is exactly what you imagine it to be and The Salty Dog, one of Electric Picnic’s most recognisable features, will throw down its anchor somewhere in the woods yet again.

Between 27th April – May 27th
Weekend Ticket: €149.50 – If you can prove you have attended three or more EPs
Weekend Ticket: €169.50 – If you can prove you have attended EP once before
Weekend Ticket: €189.50 – If you haven’t been before
Family Camping Weekend Ticket as above (2 kids U12 permitted per adult)
Sunday Day Tickets: €85.00 (No camping permitted)
Between May 28th – July 28th
Weekend Ticket: €189.50
After July 28th
Weekend Ticket: €229.50

Campervan Tickets for access to Regular & Family Campervan Parks are €60

David Byrne, formerly of Talking Heads, Franz Ferdinand and former Smiths guitarist Johnny Marr are also among the acts participating in the festival which takes place as usual from August 30th to September 1st in Stradbally, Co Laois.

The Electric Picnic announcement was made this morning by Melvin Benn of Festival Republic who has been involved with it for two years.

Gallery: Acts for Electric Picnic 2013

Cavan boys The Strypes playing at the preview for the 9th Electric Picnic last year. They will be back. Photograph: Cyril Byrne/The Irish Times

Soak will be making her first Electric Picnic appearance.</p>

Other acts confirmed for the festival include Eels, Noah and the Whale, Disclosure, Ocean Colour Scene, Hurts, Mick Flannery and promising young Cavan band The Strypes.

Other perennial Electric Picnic favourites will be returning including the Body and Soul Arena, Mindfield, the Theatre of Food and the Comedy Tent.

There will also be the addition of the Trailer Park stage which will pay homage to the American mobile home.

The 2Wheels Tour de Picnic will also go ahead this year. The event attracted nearly 1,000 cyclists last year.

There will be a Sunday day ticket priced at €85 which will be headlined by The Arctic Monkeys.

Fans who can prove they have attended three or more Electric Picnics can avail of a price of €149.50. A weekend ticket will be €189.50 until July 28th and €229.50 after that date.

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Iveagh Gardens Dublin, Concerts Iveagh Gardens 2013


Iveagh Gardens Dublin, Concerts Iveagh Gardens 2013, Iveagh Gardens Events 2013, Imelda May concert, Damien Dempsey concert, Josh Ritter concert


If you need a place to escape, to sit and take a breath, then this is it. The Iveagh Gardens has been around since 1863 providing refuge to city dwellers. Originally part of the Iveagh Estate (Guinness people) it was a private park until the 90’s and the conservation of some of its features began in 1995.

It has a genuine “secret garden” effect to it and the hum of the city is barely audible in the park.

It has an amazing array of monuments, sunken gardens, fountains and flora (some of the rose in the park were planted in the late 19th century).

Take a break: Grab supplies locally and find a small plot of grass at lunch time to relax.

11am Sunday 19th May 2013: Family Day – A national celebration of the diversity of families.

Family Day fills the beautiful Iveagh Gardens with song, dance, music, magic, arts and crafts workshops, sports, storytelling, face painting, games and festivities for children of all ages.

Iveagh Gardens Concerts July 2013

Imelda May, 11th July Thursday 8pm

Inspired by the ghosts of Elvis Presley, Eddie Cochran and Gene Vincent, the twang of Elmore James, the pathos of Billie Holiday and the swagger of Wanda Jackson, Imelda May is a Liberties girl whose self-belief and self-penned songs have taken her to international stardom. Imelda began performing in clubs when she was 16 years old and after fifteen years of singing in other peoples bands Imelda finally took the plunge and set up her own band in 2006. Her albums have reached multi-platinum status and she was the first Irish woman in 14 years to get to #1 in the album charts with her album Love Tattoo.

The Tallest Man on Earth, 12th July Friday 6.30pm

Bell x1, 13th July Saturday 6.30pm

Damien Dempsey, 14th July Sunday 6.30pm

Grizzly Bear, 18th July Thursday 6.30pm

Josh Ritter, 19th July Friday 7pm

The Album is preceded by an immediate download of the album’s first single, ‘Joy To You Baby’ Available on iTunes now. Ticket purchasers get a free download of Josh at The Iveagh Gardens 2010

The Beast In Its Tracks, the new album from renowned Moscow, Idaho born singer-songwriter Josh Ritter, will be released March 1st on Yep Roc in Ireland. Ritter has a long established relationship with Irish audiences having spent early parts of his career touring the country and as his popularity increased, becoming a regular at larger venues, Big Tops and Festivals.

Of the new record, Ritter says, “In the year after my marriage ended, I realized that I had more new songs than I’d ever had at one time. Far from the grand, sweeping feel of the songs on So Runs the World Away, these new songs felt like rocks in the shoe, hard little nuggets of whatever they were, be it spite, remorse, or happiness.”

See insert in advance CD booklet for complete artist notes.

This is the sixth full-length recording from Ritter, who has been widely heralded by critics and fans alike for the albums The Golden Age Of Radio, Hello Starling, The Animal Years, The Historical Conquests Of Josh Ritter and 2010’s So Runs The World Away.

Ritter & The Royal City Band will celebrate the release of The Beast In Its Tracks with a North American tour set to kick off in Dallas on March 13; they return to Ireland for shows in July continuing Ritter’s tradition of journeying into the heartland where he has seemingly built up loyal followings in very corner.

Beach House, 20th July Saturday 5pm

Glen Hansard, 21st July Sunday 5.30pm

see also Gardiner Street Dublin

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Heineken Cup Final 2013, Aviva Stadium, 18 MAY, Kick Off 17.00.


Heineken Cup Final 2013, Aviva Stadium, 18 MAY, Kick Off 17.00.

We have some rooms but they are disappearing quickly…BOOK DIRECT on Our website and we will give you a FULL-Irish Breakfast to set you up for the Big Game…

The Heineken Cup Final will take place at Aviva Stadium on 18 May 2013. The finalists for the Heineken Cup Final 2013 at Aviva Stadium have now been decided and ASM Clermont Auvergne will meet Toulon for the first time for this momentous clash.

Aviva Stadiwm Dulyn, gwestai ger Aviva stadiwm Dulyn, gwestai wrth ymyl Aviva stadiwm Dulyn, b & b ger Aviva stadiwm Dulyn, gwestai bach ger Aviva stadiwm, Gardiner stryd Dulyn

Accommodation Near Aviva Stadium Dublin

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Aviva Stadiwm Dublin Ireland yw curiad y galon pulsating Rhyngwladol Rygbi gyda llawer o Iwerddon gemau mwyaf yn cael ei chwarae ar y ddaear cartref; Y 6 Gwlad Gemau Rygbi Rhyngwladol ddenu torf enfawr i Aviva Stadiwm sicrhau bod gwestai ger Aviva Stadiwm, Gwestai Bychain ger Aviva Stadiwm yn cael eu gwerthu allan yn y cyfnod cyn y gemau Rygbi sy’n tynnu cynulleidfa ryngwladol. Gardiner Street Dulyn wedi bod yn gartref i rhyngwladol ac yn tyfu gartref cefnogwyr rygbi ers cenedlaethau. Gardiner Street Dulyn yn agos at yr holl gyfleusterau trafnidiaeth, gan gynnwys Porthladd Dulyn a Maes Awyr Dulyn.

Roedd y gwreiddiol Lansdowne Road Stadiwm lleoliad aml-chwaraeon, gan gynnwys fel y gwnaeth trac lludw ar gyfer athletau, a, maes criced a gwyrdd croquet, tri chae pêl-droed a chyfleusterau ar gyfer saethyddiaeth a thenis lawnt. Y gêm rygbi cyntaf ei chwarae yn y ddaear yn daleithiol rhyng rhwng Leinster ac Ulster ym mis Rhagfyr 1876.

Ym 1878 Lansdowne cynnal ei gêm rygbi ryngwladol gyntaf. Yn y 1900au cynnar, IRFU sicrhaodd brydles Lansdowne Road o Ystâd Penfro. Yr oedd ar yr adeg hon bod cynllun y credid y byddai’n newid y cyfeiriadedd y stadiwm i Ogledd / De. Yn wreiddiol, roedd wedi rhedeg o’r Dwyrain i’r Gorllewin. Roedd y stondin cyntaf ei adeiladu yn 1908.

Aviva Stadium Dublin
Er Dunlop feichiogi Lansdowne fel lleoliad aml-bwrpas y ddaear yn fuan daeth yn gyfystyr â rygbi – er bod hyd yn oed yn y 1950au torf o 40,000 gweld enillydd medal aur Olympaidd Ronnie Delany yn rhedeg yno yn cyfarfod athletau rhyngwladol.

Mae’r rhan fwyaf modern y stadiwm, y Dwyrain Stand ei adeiladu yn 1983. Yn ystod y 1980au fod y tîm pêl-droed Gwyddelig hefyd wneud Lansdowne ei gartref. Y gêm pêl-droed cyntaf yn y stadiwm ym 1971 pan chwaraeodd Iwerddon yr Eidal mewn gêm gyfeillgar.

Yn ei ymgnawdoliad oedd yr hen Ffordd Lansdowne Stadiwm y stadiwm chwaraeon hynaf yn Ewrop.

Mae’r stadiwm oed wedi hir hanes balch o groesawu athletau o’r radd flaenaf a digwyddiadau chwaraeon ond mae hefyd wedi gweld rhai o artistiaid gorau’r byd, gan gynnwys: Frank Sinatra, Liza Minelli a Sammy Davies Junior, Michael Jackson, Celine Dion, Neil Diamond, Bon Jovi, The Eagles, U2, REM.

Mae’r to polycarbonad arloesol tryloyw a golau dydd dylunio gwneud y gorau ffasâd at y tu mewn adeilad ar y cae ac o gwmpas preswyl / masnachol eiddo. Defnyddio EcoCem yn yr adeilad y stadiwm yn lleihau’r ynni cynwysedig yr adeilad tra hefyd yn cyflawni safon gorffeniad uchel yn y concrit. Mae’r arbediad CO2 a gyflawnwyd yn cael ei gyfrifo ar 4000 tunnell, neu 6,896,500 kWh o drydan.

Arbed dŵr drwy’r wrinalau di-ddŵr, tapiau synhwyrydd a sestonau fflysio deuol. Wrinalau di-ddŵr yn arbed lleiafswm o 20,000 litr o ddŵr ar ddiwrnod y digwyddiad ei ben ei hun, yn cynrychioli arbediad blynyddol o 400,000 litr.

Dŵr glaw ei gasglu ar gyfer defnydd yn y dyfrhau cae system. Mae’r tanc 320,000 litr yn ddigonol ar gyfer tua. 7 diwrnod dyfrhau.

System rheoli goleuadau defnyddio rheolaeth deallus drwy PC yn ogystal â synwyryddion PIR yn cael eu defnyddio yn ganolog rheoli a monitro y 18,000 o ffitiadau golau ynni isel drwy gydol y stadiwm fel y gall gofynion goleuo yn cael ei reoli yn agos iawn a chadw mor effeithlon ag y bo modd.

Pedwar diesel generaduron 1700kVA powered cael eu gosod gyda chebl adfer gwres cylchedau o alluogi 4MW o wres defnyddiol i’w ddefnyddio ar gyfer gwresogi dŵr ar gyfer ystafelloedd ymolchi, ceginau a’r system wresogi o dan y cae.

Ardaloedd sy’n cael eu defnyddio ar ddiwrnod y digwyddiad yn unig (lefelau 01 a 05) yn cael eu hawyru’n naturiol. Mae pob pympiau ac offer trin aer yw’r gwrthdröydd fath ymgyrch i leihau’r defnydd o ynni. Nodweddion arbed ynni y System Rheoli Adeiladau yn cynnwys rheolaethau deallus ar gyfer cymryd llawer o ynni.

Roedd Chwaraeon goleuadau modelu yn ofalus, gyda tariannau llacharedd a fisorau hir penodedig i daflu llai o oleuni o’r bowlen y stadiwm.

Roedd Gwasanaethau offer a nodir i allyrru dim mwy na 53dB ar un mesurydd i sicrhau bod y stadiwm yn cael effaith leiaf posibl ar sŵn yn y cefndir.

Mae system wastraff hintegreiddio’n llawn rheoli yn y stadiwm yn cefnogi dileu, lleihau, ailgylchu dull. Ein targed ar y safle ailgylchu blynyddol ar gyfer 2012 yw 80% o’r gwastraff a gynhyrchir ac rydym eisoes yn perfformio’n dda gyda 2012 Mai gyfradd dros 94% ar gyfer gwahanu ailgylchu ar y safle a.

Hyrwyddo trafnidiaeth gyhoeddus integredig sy’n ymdrin â’r holl ddarparwyr cludiant ar gyfer staff a chefnogwyr a gosod flaengwrt rheilffordd ysgafn yn yr orsaf gyfagos helpu i sicrhau amwynder gwell wrth gael mynediad i’r stadiwm. Pwrpasol parcio hygyrch ar gyfer cwsmeriaid ag anableddau. Gwarchod bioamrywiaeth / hyrwyddo drwy artiffisial

Dyfrgwn Holt yn yr Afon Swan geuffos sy’n llifo o dan y pen gogleddol y stadiwm, golau lefel isel i atal effaith ar ymddygiad Ystlumod chwilota am fwyd yn yr ardal a gosod Blychau Adar o fewn amgylchoedd y stadiwm.

Astudiaethau Achos Newyddion a

O ganlyniad i’w ymagwedd cynaliadwy, Aviva Stadiwm wedi ennill sawl gwobr.

Gwastraff Astudiaeth Achos Rheoli

Wrth edrych ar ôl anghenion dros 50,000 o bobl ar ddiwrnod gêm, gan gynnwys cefnogwyr, stadiwm staff a gwasanaethau cefnogi mae yna botensial i gynhyrchu llawer o wastraff. Aviva Stadiwm yn gweithio ar sail ‘Dileu, Lleihau, Ailgylchu’ ymagwedd ar y cyd â’n partneriaid Greenstar gwastraff. Mae’r stadiwm yn sicrhau safle ddull gwahanu ar gyfer y ffrydiau gwastraff canlynol: Cardbord – pecynnu ac arddangos cwpanau unitsPlastic a photeli – poteli soda, gwydrau peint plastig, poteli llaeth plastig ailgylchadwy etc.Dry cymysg – gan gynnwys pacio a tetra pecyn tebyg i gartrefi Compost mwyaf – gwastraff bwyd compostadwy a glaswellt toriadau Gwydr – rhai poteli yn cael eu dychwelyd i gyflenwyr, ond mae’r gweddill yn cael eu hailgylchu Olew Coginio – mireinio proffesiynol / repurposed WEEE – gwastraff trydanol oherwydd gwaith cynnal a chadw, gan gynnwys bylbiau golau Gwastraff Cyffredinol – y gweddill na ellir ei ailgylchu, megis creision pacedi a gwastraff wedi’i halogi. Trwy wahanu hyn ar y safle eu bod yn fwy cost-effeithiol i gael gwared ac mae’n sicrhau halogiad llai pan fyddant yn cael eu rhoi drwy’r broses ailgylchu. Ar gyfer y gwastraff cyffredinol na allwn ailgylchu rydym yn gweithio i geisio a chael gwared ar gymaint o hyn gan ein ffrydiau gwastraff â phosibl, fodd bynnag yn y cyfamser mae hyn yn mynd trwy ‘broses adfer eilaidd’ sydd naill ai’n trosi i mewn i flociau tanwydd neu ynni gwres .

Aviva Stadiwm ôl-troed yn eich galluogi i gynnal unrhyw fath o ddigwyddiad ar gyfer detholiad o westeion 2-2000. Peli gala Spectacular, cynadleddau / gyngres, cyfarfodydd, arddangosfeydd a digwyddiadau awyr agored.

Digwyddiadau arddangos, dathlu, croeso, digwyddiadau addysgol a llawer mwy i gyd yn croeso i Aviva Stadiwm.

Dros 4 lefelau Aviva Stadiwm yn cynnig premiwm mewnol ac allanol dylunio a phensaernïaeth i sicrhau digwyddiad llwyddiannus.

Fel y gall BS8901 lleoliad cynaliadwy Aviva Stadiwm cynnig trefnwyr a gwesteion y sicrwydd o ddewis lleoliad a all gynorthwyo y daith tuag at gynaliadwyedd ar gyfer eich cwmni a thu hwnt.

Mae’r cyfleusterau dydd nad ydynt yn y gêm yn cynnwys 15 o fannau gwahanol dros bum o’r lefelau stadiwm 7 a 36 flychau corfforaethol gyda galluoedd amrywiol. Mannau amrywio o ran maint ond yn cwmpasu galluoedd 2-800 pax mewn unrhyw le un. Hefyd ar gael yn yr awditoriwm y cyfryngau wladwriaeth-of-the-celf gyda seddi ar gyfer 190 o westeion, meysydd allweddol pabell awyr agored a mannau cynfas gwag digwyddiad. Mae’r rhan fwyaf o leoedd yn cael golygfa unigryw yn edrych dros y cae.

Aviva Stadiwm yn lleoliad ar gyfer digwyddiadau unigryw aml-bwrpas, gan gynnig hyblygrwydd, arlwyo a chyfleusterau gwell AV cyfateb â’r lefelau uchaf o wasanaeth cwsmeriaid ar gyfer yr holl westeion.

Mae’r cyfleusterau arlwyo yn Stadiwm Aviva heb eu hail. Mae’r contract ar gyfer yr holl arlwyo yn y stadiwm newydd wedi’i ddyfarnu i Grŵp Arlwyo Compass sydd hefyd yn arlwywyr swyddogol yn Twickenham a Stadiwm y Mileniwm, Caerdydd. Yn Iwerddon, mae Grŵp Compass yn cyflogi dros 2,000 o bobl ar draws ystod eang o gontractau corfforaethol ac hefyd i ddarparu’r arlwyo mewn lleoliadau chwaraeon megis Leopardstown a Fairyhouse.

Mae’r arlwyo yn Stadiwm Aviva yn arloesol, creadigol ac amrywiol i gwrdd â holl amrywiaeth o chwaeth.

Ardaloedd Derbyn Cyffredinol (Lefelau 1 a 5)

Gwasanaeth gan 19 bariau, 17 allfeydd bwyd a 2 uned melysion.

Bydd yn gwasanaethu hyd at 60,000 o beint o lager cryf a, 3,000 o wisgi poeth, mae 4,000 o dogn o sglodion, 3,500 byrgyrs cig eidion, roedd 4,500 o cŵn poeth, 3,500 bag o losin. Mae ‘o’r radd flaenaf’ systemau gosod cwrw yn gallu dosbarthu peint mewn pedwar eiliad â’r gallu ar draws y stadiwm o dosbarthu dros 2,000 peint y funud.

Seddi premiwm (Lefelau 2 a 3)

Naw allfeydd bwyd sy’n cynnig amrywiaeth eang o gynhyrchion o siopau coffi arbenigol, drwy bariau wok gril, a bariau sgiwer i fwyd môr, siopau brechdanau poeth cerfio i siopau hotdog a’r bar becws. Mae’r ardaloedd premiwm yn cael eu gwasanaethu hefyd gan un ar ddeg bariau stoc llawn sy’n cynnig ystod eang o gwrw, gwirodydd, gwinoedd a champagne.

Suites Lletygarwch

Ar gêm / cyngerdd dydd, gall Ystafell y Llywydd yn cynnal ac yn difyrru 450 o westeion gyda phrydau sy’n cynnig ‘Cogydd Tabl’ o bob cwr o’r byd.

Ar yr ochrau dwyreiniol a gorllewinol y stadiwm ar lefel pedwar mae 36 o ystafelloedd lletygarwch preifat bob lle i rhwng 12 a 50 o westeion, a’r cyfanswm yn 848. Bydd y cleientiaid yn cael cynnig amrywiaeth o fwydlenni arbennig a gwinoedd i weddu eu proffil gwestai benodol ar unrhyw un digwyddiad.

see also Gardiner Street Dublin

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Rugby 2013


Rugby 2013 has a busy calendar and kicking into touch with the Women’s Six Nations in February 2013 when Ireland will take on the mighty fire breathing dragons from Wales, this promises to be a fiercely fought battle between two of the great teams of modern day women’s rugby. The fire breathing Welch, famous for their ferocious frontline, may well find that the green dragon slayers are ready for a battle royal. Continue reading

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History of Valentines Day

History of Valentine’s Day

When we think of Valentine’s Day we don’t automatically think of Great Britain in the nineteenth-century. However, it was in Great Britain in the nineteenth-century that the sending of Valentine cards became a fashion. This cottage industry of card making and sending for Valentine’s Day was soon viewed as a possible commercial enterprise.

Esther Howland too  was an ordinary woman living in Worcester, Massachusetts. However, Esther had a keen eye for business and so it was that in 1847 Esther established a very successful home based business making Valentine Cards. Many women today who aspire to being self employed in their own business need look no further for inspiration than Esther Howland. Esther used the British card models to design and fashion her Valentine Cards. Esther had identified a commercial niche in the market and filled it with her beautiful cards. What an inspiration Esther remains today, at a time when many women were expected to know their place, Esther struck a blow for women and their rights to equality and freedom.

America which is world famous today for its hello and goodbye greetings, “You have a nice day now”, was no different in the 19th century. The Valentine’s card become very popular in 19th Century America and its commercialisation just went from strength to strength. Indeed it is fair to say that the Valentine Card introduced in America by Esther was the fore runner to the array of general greeting cards found now in America for all and every occasion. The Valentine cards were the blue print for the commercialisation of all American holidays, where people now exchange cards and greetings as a way of saying thanks. Each year across the world there are approximately one billion Valentine’s cards exchanged, who could ever have imagined that. With cards selling for anything from $1 to $50 + this is big business indeed. Indeed Valentine ’s Day is only out done by Christmas in the card sales industry. When one adds to card sales the sales of romantic dinners, wine, fancy underwear, chocolates, teddy bears and so on and so forth this is certainly a mass market at an otherwise commercially quiet time of the year.

It is also worth noting that study after study shows that men spend twice as much on Valentine’s Day as women do. One wonders why this is. It is also worth noting that in 1797, fifty years before Esther Howland launched her card business, a British publisher had issued The Young Man’s Valentine Writer. This booklet contained dozens of verses and romantic lyrics for those young men who could not find their own words to describe their feelings for the woman they loved. One wonders if the publication of such a book in 1797 suggests that men may be the ones that treat Valentine’s Day with the seriousness it deserves.

It is also worth noting that during this period when postage was so expensive most cards were delivered by hand. Later of course with the advent of the penny stamp postage system, cards could be sent by post. This of course was less personal and lacked the face to face contact and hand touching of the previous century.

Esther was not the only one to tap into the commercialisation of Valentine cards, indeed numerous cards were being produced with drawings and verse. The printing presses could now mass produce cards and these were known as ‘mechanical valentines’. So now we had mass production and cheaper postage, and human kind being what it is meant that cards could now be sent anonymously by post. It also meant that the prudish Victorian caution was gone and cards became sauceier. It was now possible to send a card containing a saucy verse and drawing to the person you may simply have fancied.

Today of course things have gone a step further. The introduction of the Internet has seen an explosion in the number of greetings and exchanges between people from different continents and cultures. Cyber space is the new meeting place for millions of people. Not only do people now meet and exchange greetings on the internet but they can meet their life partner on the net. Saint Valentine would be happy that so many people honour his name with love and friendly greetings.

The man himself was a Christian Martyr; he was a Priest in Rome who was murdered around the year 269 AD. Saint Valentine is laid to rest in Dublin, Ireland. His relics are interred at the Whitefriar Street Carmelite Church. They were presented as a gift to the Carmalite Order from Pope Gregory xvi in 1835.

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